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Brain injuries may cause chronic brain inflammation

According to a new study, long-term inflammation may be the cause of chronic brain damage and neuropsychiatric problems in people who have suffered a traumatic brain injury. The authors of the study, which was published in the journal Neurotherapeutics, believe that treating brain inflammation could lead to better outcomes for TBI patients in Louisiana and elsewhere.

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine say that chronic brain inflammation can occur after a single moderate to severe head injury or after repeated milder brain injuries. Left untreated, this inflammation can cause brain atrophy, cognitive decline and depression. While chronic traumatic encephalopathy grabbed headlines after several former NFL players were diagnosed with it, the authors of the study say the condition is relatively rare. They believe it is more useful to focus on TBI-induced brain inflammation, which is much more common and may be treatable. Recent studies show that some experimental drugs combined with controlled exercise programs could control brain inflammation.

Previous research indicates that even mild brain injuries can cause chronic cognitive and psychiatric problems. Further, if someone suffers repeated mild brain injuries, they can eventually show symptoms similar to those who have suffered a severe TBI. Studies show that TBIs cause the death of neurons in the brain and increase the production of an inflammatory immune cell known as microalgia.

Motor vehicle accidents are one of the primary causes of traumatic brain injuries. In some cases, a victim may be left with a permanent disability. If the injury was sustained in an automobile crash caused by the negligence of another driver, the victim may want the assistance of a personal injury attorney in seeking compensation from the at-fault party.

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